In accounting, book value or carrying value is the value of an asset or liability
according to its balance sheet account balance. Book value is the value carried
on the bookkeeping records of an economic entity such as an individual, corporation,
government, or other organization.
The dividend yield on a company stock is the company's annual dividend payments
divided by its market cap, or the dividend per share divided by the price per share.
It is often expressed as a percentage.
Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and
Amortization - EBITDA
An indicator of a company's financial performance. EBITDA can be used to analyze
and compare profitability between companies and industries because it eliminates
the effects of financing and accounting decisions. However, this is a non-GAAP measure
that allows a greater amount of discretion as to what is (and is not) included in
Gross profit or sales profit or gross operating profit is the difference between
revenue and the cost of making a product or providing a service, before deducting
overheads, payroll, taxation, and interest payments.
Operating cash flow
In financial accounting, operating cash flow (OCF), cash flow provided by operations
or cash flow from operating activities, refers to the amount of cash a company generates
from the revenues it brings in, excluding costs associated with long-term investment
on capital items or investment in securities.
In business, operating margin is the ratio of operating income divided by net sales,
usually presented in percent.
The P/E ratio (price-to-earnings ratio) of a stock (also called its "earnings
multiple", or simply "multiple", "P/E", or "PE")
is a measure of the price paid for a share relative to the income or profit earned
by the firm per share. A higher P/E ratio means that investors are paying more for
each unit of income. It is a valuation ratio included in other financial ratios.
P/B or P/BV ratio
The Price-to-book ratio, or P/B ratio, is a financial ratio used to compare a company's
book value to its current market price. Book value is an accounting term denoting
the portion of the company held by the shareholders; in other words, the company's
total assets less its total liabilities.
Price/cash flow ratio
The price/cash flow ratio, is a ratio used to compare a company's market value
to its cash flow. It is calculated by dividing the company's market cap by the
company's operating cash flow in the most recent fiscal year (or the most recent
four fiscal quarters); or, equivalently, divide the per-share stock price by the
per-share operating cash flow.
The PEG ratio is a valuation metric for determining the relative trade-off between
the price of a stock, the earnings generated per share (EPS), and the company's
expected future growth.
Profit margin, Net Margin or Net Profit Ratio all refer to a measure of profitability.
It is calculated using a formula and written as a percentage or a number.
A ratio for valuing a stock relative to its own past performance, other
companies or the market itself. Price to sales is calculated by dividing a stock's
current price by its revenue per share for the trailing 12 months.
Quarterly Revenue Growth
An increase of a company's sales when compared to a previous quarter's revenue
performance. The current quarter's sales figure can be compared on a year-over-year
basis or sequentially. This helps to give analysts, investors and participants an
idea of how much a company's sales are increasing over time.
Return on Assets (ROA)
The Return on Assets (ROA) percentage shows how profitable a company's assets
are in generating revenue.
Return on equity
Return on Equity (ROE, Return on average common equity, return on net worth) measures
the rate of return on the ownership interest (shareholders' equity) of the common
stock owners. ROE is viewed as one of the most important financial ratios.
Sales Per Share
A ratio that computes the total revenue earned per share over a 12-month period.
It is calculated by dividing total revenue earned in a fiscal year by the weighted
average of shares outstanding for that fiscal year.